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子选择还是加入? 有没有更好的方法来编写此mysql查询?

[英]SubSelect or Joins? Is there a better way to write this mysql query?

我知道总有更好的方法来做某事,但我不确定如何做? 优化此查询的最佳方法是什么? 我应该使用Joins还是单独的查询等?我知道这不是一个复杂的查询。

任何建议,将不胜感激!

SELECT
  community_threads.id AS thread_id,
  community_threads.title AS thread_title,
  community_threads.date AS thread_date,
  community_threads.author_id AS author_id,
  `user`.display_name AS author_name,
  `user`.organization AS author_organization,
  (SELECT date FROM community_replies replies WHERE replies.thread_id = community_threads.id ORDER BY date DESC LIMIT 1) AS reply_date,
  (SELECT   count(id) FROM community_replies replies WHERE replies.thread_id = community_threads.id ORDER BY date DESC LIMIT 1) AS total_replies
FROM
  community_threads
INNER JOIN `user` ON community_threads.author_id = `user`.id
WHERE
  category_id = '1'
ORDER BY
  reply_date DESC
LIMIT 0, 5

可以通过针对子选择的JOIN进行改进,该子选择获取每个thread_id的总计COUNT()和总计的MAX(date) 而不是为每一行评估子选择,派生表对于整个查询应仅评估一次,并与来自community_threads的其余行进行联接。

SELECT
  community_threads.id AS thread_id,
  community_threads.title AS thread_title,
  community_threads.date AS thread_date,
  community_threads.author_id AS author_id,
  `user`.display_name AS author_name,
  `user`.organization AS author_organization,
  /* From the joined subqueries */
  maxdate.date AS reply_date,
  threadcount.num AS total_replies
FROM
  community_threads
  INNER JOIN `user` ON community_threads.author_id = `user`.id
  /* JOIN against subqueries to return MAX(date) (same as order by date DESC limit 1) and COUNT(*) from replies */
  /* number of replies per thread_id */
  INNER JOIN  (
    SELECT thread_id, COUNT(*) AS num FROM replies GROUP BY thread_id
  ) threadcount ON community_threads.id = threadcount.thread_id
  /* Most recent date per thread_id */
  INNER JOIN (
    SELECT thread_id, MAX(date) AS date FROM replies GROUP BY thread_id
  ) maxdate ON community_threads.id = maxdate.thread_id
WHERE
  category_id = '1'
ORDER BY
  reply_date DESC
LIMIT 0, 5

如果将LIMIT 0, 5 reply_date子查询中LIMIT 0, 5则可能会获得更好的性能。 这只会在子查询中提取最近的5个,并且INNER JOIN将丢弃不匹配的community_threads所有内容。

/* I *think* this will work...*/
SELECT
  community_threads.id AS thread_id,
  community_threads.title AS thread_title,
  community_threads.date AS thread_date,
  community_threads.author_id AS author_id,
  `user`.display_name AS author_name,
  `user`.organization AS author_organization,
  /* From the joined subqueries */
  maxdate.date AS reply_date,
  threadcount.num AS total_replies
FROM
  community_threads
  INNER JOIN `user` ON community_threads.author_id = `user`.id
  INNER JOIN  (
    SELECT thread_id, COUNT(*) AS num FROM replies GROUP BY thread_id
  ) threadcount ON community_threads.id = threadcount.thread_id
  /* LIMIT in this subquery */
  INNER JOIN (
    SELECT thread_id, MAX(date) AS date FROM replies GROUP BY thread_id ORDER BY date DESC LIMIT 0, 5
  ) maxdate ON community_threads.id = maxdate.thread_id
WHERE
  category_id = '1'
ORDER BY
  reply_date DESC

据我所知,这似乎是一个很好的机会。

SELECT 
    community_threads.id AS thread_id,
    community_threads.title AS thread_title,
    community_threads.date AS thread_date,
    community_threads.author_id AS author_id,
    `user`.display_name AS author_name,
    `user`.organization AS author_organization,
    MAX(replies.date) AS reply_date,
    COUNT(replies.id) AS total_replies
FROM community_threads
INNER JOIN `user` ON community_threads.author_id = `user`.id
INNER JOIN community_replies AS replies ON replies.thread_id = community_threads.id
WHERE category_id = 1
GROUP BY thread_id, thread_title, thread_date, author_id, author_name, author_organization)
ORDER BY reply_date DESC
LIMIT 0, 5

希望这可以帮助。

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